Algerian Educators

ThThe Nobel Peace PrizeThe Nobel Peace Prize

Part One: Reading       (14pts)                                                                                                                                                                                            

A / Comprehension   ( 07 pts)                                                                                                                                           

Read the text carefully then do the activities.

    The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded annually. In 1931, the first American woman to win this prize was Jane Addams. She is best known as the founder of Hull House.

        Jane Addams was born in 1860, into a wealthy family. She was a well-educated woman. Her commitment to improving the lives of those around her led her to work for social reform and world peace. Inspired by Toynbee Hall, a ‘settlement house’ she visited in London, Addams and her friend, Ellen Gates Starr, opened Hull House in a neighborhood of slums in Chicago in 1899. Hull House provided a day care center for the children of working mothers, a community kitchen, and visiting nurses. Besides, Addams and her staff gave classes in English literacy, art, and other subjects.

        Before World War I, Jane Addams was probably the most beloved woman in America. When she opposed America’s involvement in World War I, Addams started to be strongly criticized by many newspaper editors. She was even called a traitor and a fool by some of them, but she never changed her mind. She was a strong champion of several other causes. In 1915, she became involved in the Woman's Peace Party and was elected national chairman. She was also elected president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She died of cancer in 1935.

 

                 Adapted from Wikipedia

 

1. Say whether the following statements are ‘ True’ or ‘ False’ according to the text.

a)      The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded every two years.

b)      Jane Addams was 61 years old when she was awarded the prize.

c)      Toynbee Hall was founded by Addams and her friend.

d)     Addams held important posts in some peace associations.

 

2. Answer the following questions according to the text.

a)      Why was Addams awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?

b)      What services did Hull House provide people with?

c)      When was Addams’ reputation damaged?

d)     Was she intimidated by the newspaper editors? Justify from the text.

 

3. What or who do the underlined words refer to in the text?

           a) those   (§ 2)                b)     her staff (§ 2)                  them   (§ 3)

 

4. Give the general idea of the text.

 

B. Text Exploration                                                                                                        (7 points)

 

1. Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following.

      a) rich  (§2)        b) moreover  (§2)      c) participation   (§3)      d) nominated   (§3)

 

2. Complete the following chart as shown in the example.

 

Verb

Noun

Adjective

Example:

to educate

education

educated

 

to criticize

.......................

.......................

 

.......................

freedom

.......................

 

.......................

.......................

known

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Complete sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a).

 

1. a) Addams was even called a traitor and a fool by some of them.

    b) Some of them...........................................................................

 

2. a) Addams managed to open Hull House in a neighborhood of slums in Chicago.

         b) Addams was......................................................................................................

 

     3. a) Addams and her staff gave classes in English literacy, art and other subjects.

         b) Classes in English literacy, art and other subjects..........................................

 

4. Classify the following words according to the pronunciation to their final ‘S’.

                               editors – nurses – subjects – employees

 

/ S /

/ Z /

/ IZ /

 

 

 

 

5. Fill in the gaps so that the passage makes sense

Today, settlement houses ..........1.........a range of services including early education, ..........2...........guidance and crime intervention, senior programs, and specialized programs for young people who "aged out" of the foster care system. Since they are staffed by ............3..........employees and students, they no longer require that employees live together .............4.........those they serve.

 

Part Two: Written Expression                                                                                 (06 points)

 

Choose ONE of the following topics.

 

Either topic one: You are nominated head of a settlement house in  your town. Use the following notes to write a paragraph of about 80 words telling about the services you will provide the community with.

                  

Services for the elderly:         -    give shelter (protection)

                                               -    provide medical care / assistance

                                               -    afford clothes, food, etc.

 

Services for the youth:           -   insure adequate education

                                               -   offer books, school materials, etc.

                                               -   give guidance

 

Or topic two: Write a paragraph of about 80 words comparing life in the city and the countryside. 

 

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