Algerian Educators

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Part One: Reading                                                                                      (14points)                                                                                                                                        

A / Comprehension                                                                                     (07points)

                                                                                                                                   

Read the following text carefully then do the activities.

 

       Nelson Mandela is one of the most quoted people in the world. In South Africa, quoting Mandela carried with it the threat of a criminal record and a possible prison sentence. Under the apartheid regime, people who were banned or imprisoned could not be quoted, and Mandela was successively banned from 1952 and was in custody from 1962 until 1990.

    Of course, the words of an accused uttered in open court were exempt from this restriction, so the words he spoke at the Rivonia Trial were quoted in the media, and since then his speech has become a legend in the history of the struggle against apartheid: “During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

        These words characterise the essence of Mandela and his comrades’ bravery, commitment and leadership in the struggle to end apartheid. In the quarter-century following the end of the trial on 12 June 1964, the name Nelson Mandela was uttered virtually only in secret or in defiance of the increasingly repressive tactics of the apartheid regime and its agents. Some of his words were smuggled out of prison and they were released by the African National Congress (ANC) in exile, but Mandela had effectively been silenced. The silence was broken on Sunday 11 February 1990 when Mandela addressed a crowd of thousands of supporters, who had gathered on the Grand Parade to hear his voice, and an audience of millions through television and radio. This time the whole world heard and read his words and he continued to be widely quoted.

 

                                                          Adapted from Nelson Mandela by Himself  by N.Mandela, 2011

 

1. Circle the letter that best completes the sentence.

       The text is…          a) a speech      b) a story     c) a book extract

 

2.  Say whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.

a)      Nelson Mandela is the most quoted person in the world.

b)      Quoting Mandela was risky under the apartheid regime.

c)      Mandela was arrested in nineteen fifty two.

d)     Mandela wanted to build a free black society.

 

3.  Answer the following questions according to the text.

a)      Why was the Rivonia Trial speech quoted in the media?

b)      Which ideal did Mandela want to achieve?

c)      What did Mandela and his comrades stand out against?

d)     When did the world start to hear and read Mandela’s words?

 

4.  In which paragraph are Mandela’s principles mentioned?

 

 

5.  What or who do the underlined words in the text refer to?

       a) carried with it (§1)       b) for which (§2)        

      c) its agents (§3)               d) they were released (§3)     

 

B) Text Exploration         (07 pts)                                                                                                                           

1. Find in the text words similar in meaning to the following.

          a)  risk (§1)        b)  the same (§2)              c) fight (§3)                   d) entire (§3)          

2.  Complete the following chart as shown in the example.

 

Verb

Noun

Adjective

      Example :

to quote

quotation

quoted

…………

…………

free

 

to brave

…………

…………

 

………….

achievement

…………

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Complete sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a).

a)  He continued to be widely quoted.

b)  People...................................................................................................

 

a)  “If needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die,” Mandela said.

b)  Mandela said........................................................................................

 

a)  In South Africa, no politician is as affectionately loved as Mandela.

b)  Mandela................................................................................................

 

4. Classify the following words according to the pronunciation of their final ‘s’.

                               audiences - comrades – opportunities – agents

 

/s/

/z/

/iz/

 

 

 

 

5. Fill in the gaps with only four words from the list below.

                        count  - black – those – which  -  or   - struggle -  make  - life

 

“The........(1).......for democracy has never been a matter pursued by one race, class, religious community........(2).......gender among South Africans. In honouring ........(3).......who fought to see this day arrive, we honour the best sons and daughters of all our people. We can ........(4).......amongst them Africans, Coloureds, Whites, Indians, Muslims...”

 

PART TWO: Written Expression                                                              (06 points)

                                                                                               

Choose ONE of the following topics:

 

Either topic one: Using the following notes write a composition of about 80 words on how to

                              restore peace in the world.

-       ban weapons

-       end conflicts

-       promote tolerance, love, etc.

-       fight poverty

 

Or topic two: Write a composition of about 80 words comparing people’s life in the past and today.   

 

 

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