Algerian Educators

Climate Change

Part One: Reading      (14points)                                                                                                                                        

A / Comprehension                                                                                     (07points)

                                                                                                                                   

Read the following text carefully then do the activities.

       Emissions of carbon dioxide and the leading greenhouse gas are rising dramatically. Scientists now say reductions of 60 to 80 percent will be needed to avoid a catastrophe. Recent U.N. reports offer evidence of less visible but equally troubling changes.

       Everyone knows about the accelerated melting of the Arctic sea ice. Also, according to the U.N. Environment Program, our planet's species are going extinct at an unprecedented rate. Massive "dead zones" are multiplying in the oceans as pollutants are absorbed, killing off coral reefs and decimating fisheries. Incidents of extreme weather, such as the hurricanes have grown more frequent. Meanwhile, U.N. refugee agencies believe that as many as 200 million people will be displaced by climate-related disasters by 2050.

       In spite of all those threats, neither the most advanced developing nations nor the developed nations want to take their responsibilities. Many in the developing world blame the industrialized nations for creating the problem—and insist that they should therefore solve it. So nothing can happen without global leadership and unity of purpose.

       Fortunately, some nations have already begun moving to combat climate change. China, for example, has become one of the world's largest producers of wind power, and it leads in the development of solar energy. Brazil has already built one of the world's cleanest economies: hydropower electricity, the use of biofuels and hybrid transportation. Meanwhile, Mexico is managing its forests as a crucial buffer against future climate shocks.

       In truth, there is no one solution to climate change. We need all of the above. The important thing is to act, and to act now.

                                                                    Adapted from Newsweek, by Newsweek Staff, 2010

 

1.  Say whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.

a)      To avoid a catastrophe, carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas must be reduced.

b)      The Arctic sea ice is melting slowly.

c)      Many countries have started to fight climate change.

d)     The use of biofuels and hybrid transportation can reduce pollution.

2.  a) In which paragraph are the consequences of climate change mentioned?

     b) In which paragraph are the measures to fight climate change mentioned?

3.  Answer the following questions according to the text.

a)      What has killed coral reefs and decimated fisheries?

b)      Who is responsible for climate change according to the developing countries?

c)      Mention three clean energies.

d)     According to the writers, how could the world solve the problem of climate change?

 

4.  What or who do the underlined words in the text refer to?

       a) Many in the developing (§3)   b) insist that they (§3)   c) it leads (§4)   d) We need all (§5)     

 

5. What type of discourse is the reading passage?

 

B) Text Exploration   (07points)                                                                                                                                       

 

1. Find in the text words closest in meaning to the following.

        a) tragedy (§2)    b) fears (§3)    c) vital (§4)           

2. Find in the text words that are opposite to the following.

       a) alive (§2)    b) consumers (§4)       c) in favour of (§4)          

 

3.  Give the opposites of the following words keeping the same root.

             visible – responsibility – fortunately – lead

 

4. Complete sentence (b) so that it means the same as sentence (a).

    1. a)  “Reductions of 60 to 80 percent will be needed to avoid a catastrophe,” scientists said.

        b)  Scientists said that we..........................................................................................

 

    2. a)  Mexico is managing its forests as a crucial buffer against future climate shocks.

        b)  Mexico’s forests...................................................................................................

 

     3. a)  As many as 200 million people will be displaced by climate-related disasters by 2050.

      b)  Climate-related disasters........................................................................................

 

   4. a)  After the Japanese authorities had displaced the inhabitants, they cleaned the contaminated

            area.

        b) Before...................................................................................................................

 

5. Classify the following words according to their stressed syllable.

                      transportation  environment - dramatic – climate

 

On the 1st    syllable

On the 2nd syllable

On the 3rd syllable

 

 

 

 

6. Re-order the following sentences to make a coherent passage. One sentence is irrelevant and must be left out.

a)      if we are to avoid dangerous climate change.

b)      the climate is highly sensitive to carbon dioxide

c)      It will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution.

d)     which means that our greenhouse gas emissions will lead to strong warming.

e)      The finding suggests we need to cut emissions fast

f)       According to several new studies,

 

PART TWO: Written Expression                                                              (06 points)

                                                                                               

Choose ONE of the following topics:

 

Either topic one: Using the following notes write a composition of about 80 words on how to 

                              combat climate change.

·          Use clean and renewable energy sources

·          Ban the use of oil and coal

·          Promote the use of recyclable materials

·          Plant trees

  ·          Impose taxes on carbon dioxide emitters: factories, transportation,...

                             

Or topic two: Write a composition of about 80 words on the following topic:

  If you are asked to elect a man/woman as a candidate for the 2015 Nobel Peace 

 Prize, whom will you choose and why?

 

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